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Analysis of Reinforced Concrete Columns Subjected to Combined Axial, Flexure, Shear, and Torsional Loads

Mullapudi, T. & Ayoub, A. (2013). Analysis of Reinforced Concrete Columns Subjected to Combined Axial, Flexure, Shear, and Torsional Loads. Journal of Structural Engineering, 139(4), pp. 561-573. doi: 10.1061/(ASCE)ST.1943-541X.0000680


This paper describes the implementation of a 3-dimensional concrete constitutive model for fiber-based analysis of reinforced concrete members subjected to combined loadings including torsion. The proposed model is formulated to address the interaction between the axial force, bidirectional shear, biaxial bending, and torsion. The shear mechanism along the beam is modeled using a Timoshenko beam approach with three dimensional (3-D) frame elements with arbitrary cross-section geometry. The model considers the 3D equilibrium, compatibility, and constitutive laws of materials at the section and structural level. The concrete constitutive law follows the Softened Membrane Model (SMM) with a tangent-stiffness formulation. The emphasis of the paper is on evaluation of the effect of the different stress states on the global and local behavior of the member. The ability of the model to assess the ultimate strength, stiffness, energy dissipation, failure modes under 3-dimensional loading is evaluated by correlation of analytical results with experimental tests of RC specimens.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright American Society of Civil Engineers, 2014.
Publisher Keywords: Torsion, Combined loading, Softening, Concrete columns, Finite-element analysis, Nonlinear analysis
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
T Technology > TH Building construction
Departments: School of Mathematics, Computer Science & Engineering > Engineering
Text - Accepted Version
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