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Aerodynamic breakup of an n-decane droplet in a high temperature gas environment

Strotos, G., Malgarinos, I., Nikolopoulos, N. & Gavaises, M. (2016). Aerodynamic breakup of an n-decane droplet in a high temperature gas environment. Fuel, 185, pp. 370-380. doi: 10.1016/j.fuel.2016.08.014


The aerodynamic droplet breakup under the influence of heating and evaporation is studied numerically by solving the Navier-Stokes, energy and transport of species conservation equations; the VOF methodology is utilized in order to capture the liquid-air interphase. The conditions examined refer to an n-decane droplet with Weber numbers in the range 15–90 and gas phase temperatures in the range 600–1000 K at atmospheric pressure. To assess the effect of heating, the same cases are also examined under isothermal conditions and assuming constant physical properties of the liquid and surrounding air. Under non-isothermal conditions, the surface tension coefficient decreases due to the droplet heat-up and promotes breakup. This is more evident for the cases of lower Weber number and higher gas phase temperature. The present results are also compared against previously published ones for a more volatile n-heptane droplet and reveal that fuels with a lower volatility are more prone to breakup. A 0-D model accounting for the temporal variation of the heat/mass transfer numbers is proposed, able to predict with sufficient accuracy the thermal behavior of the deformed droplet.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2016, Elsevier. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
Publisher Keywords: Droplet breakup; VOF; Heating; Evaporation
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Departments: School of Science & Technology > Engineering
School of Science & Technology > Engineering > Mechanical Engineering & Aeronautics
Text - Accepted Version
Available under License : See the attached licence file.

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