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Fluid transport via pneumatically actuated waves on a ciliated wall

Rockenbach, A., Mikulich, V., Bruecker, C. & Schnakenberg, U. (2015). Fluid transport via pneumatically actuated waves on a ciliated wall. Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering, 25(12), article number 125009. doi: 10.1088/0960-1317/25/12/125009


To manipulate fluids actively a pneumatically actuated micro membrane device is developed to generate a directed transversal fluid transport in a liquid layer next to the wall. The biomimetic approach is based on the principle of cilia-type arrays that generate a mean flow by travelling wave activation. Rows of long flaps, which mimic the comb row of a ctenophore, are positioned off-centre along a row of cavities. Each cavity is covered by a flexible membrane that supports the flaps. The membranes with the flaps on top are deflected by applying a well-defined pressure profile to the cavities under the membranes such that an individual beat can be generated for each flap. Flow visualization experiments were carried out under the conditions of travelling waves. The results show a mean velocity profile that resembles that of a wall-jet. Mixing effects with increased retention times of the fluid occur in the vicinity of the membrane surfaces.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: This is an author-created, un-copyedited version of an article published in Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering. IOP Publishing Ltd is not responsible for any errors or omissions in this version of the manuscript or any version derived from it. The Version of Record is available online at
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Departments: School of Science & Technology > Engineering
SWORD Depositor:
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