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Uniaxial Tensile Stress-Strain Relationships of RC Elements Strengthened with FRP Sheets

Yang, G., Zomorodian, M., Belarbi, A. & Ayoub, A. (2016). Uniaxial Tensile Stress-Strain Relationships of RC Elements Strengthened with FRP Sheets. Journal of Composites for Construction, 20(3), doi: 10.1061/(ASCE)CC.1943-5614.0000639


The shear behavior of fiber-reinforced-polymer–strengthened reinforced concrete (FRP-strengthened RC) members is not fully developed and accurately predicted because of the lack of accurate constitutive laws for the components of the composite members. This paper presents experimental and analytical investigations of tensile stress-strain relationships of concrete and steel in FRP-strengthened RC members. These stress-strain relationships are required in formulations of softened truss models to predict the shear behavior of the FRP-strengthened RC element. Thirteen full-scale FRP-strengthened RC prismatic specimens with different FRP reinforcement ratios, steel reinforcement ratios, and FRP wrapping schemes were tested under uniaxial tension loading. The results show that the tensile behavior of the concrete and steel is altered because of the externally bonded FRP sheets. Modified constitutive laws are proposed and incorporated in the softened membrane model (SMM) to demonstrate through two tests the behavior of FRP-strengthened RC element subjected to pure shear. Moreover, crack spacing and crack width were studied and compared with existing code provisions.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright American Society of Civil Engineers, 2016.
Publisher Keywords: FRP; uniaxial tensile loading; reinforced concrete; stress strain relationships; crack spacing; crack width
Subjects: T Technology > TH Building construction
Departments: School of Science & Technology > Engineering
Text - Accepted Version
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