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Individual differences in emotion elicitation in university examinations: A quasi-experimental study

Krupić, D. & Corr, P. J. (2014). Individual differences in emotion elicitation in university examinations: A quasi-experimental study. Personality and Individual Differences, 71, pp. 176-180. doi: 10.1016/j.paid.2014.08.001


In a quasi-experimental study, we examined the role of individual differences in the elicitation of emotional states in university examinations. Specifically, we assessed emotional states (a) before the first examination (baseline), (b) after receiving positive or negative feedback, and (c) then, again, before a series of subsequent examinations. We also measured effort in examination preparation and interest for studying. Data were collected during a university course that consisted of seven examinations in one semester; and 94 female students completed the BIS/BAS scales and SPSRQ (to measure sensitivity to punishment, SP, and reward, SR). Results revealed that higher BAS, but not SR, individuals experienced higher positive affect (PA) following positive feedback and they also showed higher levels of interest in studying. More generally, higher BIS and SP individuals experienced higher level of negative affect (NA) and they invested more effort in examination preparation; and both higher levels of SP and SR correlated positively with NA after receiving negative feedback. In addition, following negative feedback, higher BAS individuals experienced lower levels of PA, and higher SR individuals invested less effort in examination preparation. Results are discussed in terms of the reinforcement sensitivity theory (RST) of personality and directions for future research.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2016, Elsevier. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
Publisher Keywords: Test anxiety; Reinforcement sensitivity theory; Individual differences; Examination performance; Personality; Reward; Punishment
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion
Departments: School of Health & Psychological Sciences > Psychology
SWORD Depositor:
[thumbnail of Krupic %26 Corr %282014%29 Individual Differences %26 Emotion Elicitation - CITY.pdf]
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