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A vector-valued ground motion intensity measure incorporating normalized spectral area

Theophilou, A-A. I., Chryssanthopoulos, M. K. & Kappos, A. J. (2017). A vector-valued ground motion intensity measure incorporating normalized spectral area. Bulletin of Earthquake Engineering, 15(1), pp. 249-270. doi: 10.1007/s10518-016-9959-7


A vector-valued intensity measure is presented, which incorporates a relative measure represented by the normalized spectral area. The proposed intensity measure is intended to have high correlation with specific relative engineering demand parameters, which collectively can provide information regarding the damage state and collapse potential of the structure. Extensive dynamic analyses are carried out on a single-degree-of-freedom system with a modified Clough–Johnston hysteresis model, using a dataset of 40 ground motions, in order to investigate the proposed intensity measure characteristics. Response is expressed using the displacement ductility, and the normalized hysteretic energy, both of which are relative engineering demand parameters. Through regression analysis the correlation between the proposed intensity measure and the engineering demand parameters is evaluated. Its domain of applicability is investigated through parametric analysis, by varying the period and the strain-hardening stiffness. Desirable characteristics such as efficiency, sufficiency, and statistical independence are examined. The proposed intensity measure is contrasted to another one, with respect to its correlation to the engineering demand parameters. An approximate procedure for estimating the optimum normalized spectral area is also presented. It is demonstrated that the proposed intensity measure can be used in intensity-based assessments, and, with proper selection of ground motions, in scenario-based assessments.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: The final publication is available at Springer via
Publisher Keywords: Intensity measure, Normalized spectral area, Nonlinear response, Probabilistic seismic demand assessment, Ground motion selection
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Departments: School of Science & Technology > Engineering
SWORD Depositor:
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