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Electron-electron interaction effects in quantum point contacts

Lunde, A. M., De Martino, A., Schulz, A. , Egger, R. & Flensberg, K. (2009). Electron-electron interaction effects in quantum point contacts. New Journal of Physics, 11, doi: 10.1088/1367-2630/11/2/023031


We consider electron-electron interaction effects in quantum point contacts on the first quantization plateau, taking into account all scattering processes. We compute the low-temperature linear and nonlinear conductance, shot noise, and thermopower, by perturbation theory and a self-consistent nonperturbative method. On the conductance plateau, the low-temperature corrections are solely due to momentum-nonconserving processes that change the relative number of left- and right-moving electrons. This leads to a suppression of the conductance for increasing temperature or voltage. The size of the suppression is estimated for a realistic saddle-point potential, and is largest in the beginning of the conductance plateau. For large magnetic field, interaction effects are strongly suppressed by the Pauli principle, and hence the first spin-split conductance plateau has a much weaker interaction correction. For the nonperturbative calculations, we use a self-consistent nonequilibrium Green's function approach, which suggests that the conductance saturates at elevated temperatures. These results are consistent with many experimental observations related to the so-called 0.7 anomaly.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: 29 pages
Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics
Departments: School of Science & Technology > Mathematics
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