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Emergence of Irrationality: Magnetization Plateaux in Modulated Hubbard Chains

Cabra, D. C., De Martino, A., Honecker, A. , Pujol, P. & Simonetti, P. (2001). Emergence of Irrationality: Magnetization Plateaux in Modulated Hubbard Chains. Physical Review B (PRB), 63(9), doi: 10.1103/PhysRevB.63.094406


Hubbard chains with periodically modulated coupling constants in a magnetic field exhibit gaps at zero temperature in their magnetic and charge excitations in a variety of situations. In addition to fully gapped situations (plateau in the magnetization curve and charge gap), we have shown [cond-mat/9908398] that plateaux also appear in the presence of massless modes, leading to a plateau with a magnetization m whose value depends continuously on the filling n. Here we detail and extend the arguments leading to such doping-dependent magnetization plateaux. First we analyze the low-lying excitations using Abelian bosonization. We compute the susceptibility and show that due to the constraint of fixed n, it vanishes at low temperatures (thus leading to a magnetization plateau) even in the presence of one massless mode. Next we study correlation functions and show that one component of the superconducting order parameter develops quasi-long-range order on a doping-dependent magnetization plateau. We then use perturbation theory in the on-site repulsion U to compute the width of these plateaux up to first order in U. Finally, we compute groundstate phase diagrams and correlation functions by Lanczos diagonalization of finite clusters, confirming the presence of doping-dependent plateaux and their special properties.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: 28 pages REVTeX, 6 PostScript figures included using psfig.sty; small changes in the presentation and some minor corrections
Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics
Departments: School of Science & Technology > Mathematics
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