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“It feels like someone is hammering my feet”: Understanding pain and its management from the perspective of people with Multiple Sclerosis

Harrison, A., Bogosian, A., Silber, E., McCracken, L. and Moss-Morris, R. (2015). “It feels like someone is hammering my feet”: Understanding pain and its management from the perspective of people with Multiple Sclerosis. Multiple Sclerosis, 21(4), pp. 466-476. doi: 10.1177/1352458514544538



Pain affects around 63% of people with multiple sclerosis (pwMS). Biomedical treatments demonstrate limited efficacy. More research is needed to understand pain from the individual’s perspective in order to better inform a patient-centred approach that improves engagement, self-management and outcome.


The objective of this paper is to explore pwMS’ experience and responses to pain, and their perspectives on pain management.


Twenty-five in-depth, semi-structured telephone interviews were conducted. Interviews were audiotaped, transcribed and analysed using an inductive thematic analysis approach with elements of grounded theory.


Key themes included vivid descriptions of pain and beliefs that pain is unpredictable, a sign of damage and may worsen. Anger was a common emotional response. Two dominant pain management themes emerged: one related to pain reduction and another to acceptance. Those focusing on pain reduction appeared to engage in cycles in which they struggled with symptoms and experienced continued distress.


Findings identify pain-related beliefs, emotional reactions and disparate pain-management attitudes. All may influence pwMS’ responses to pain and what they ask of their clinicians. Uncovering pwMS’ personal beliefs about pain, and introducing a broader biopsychosocial understanding of pain in the clinical context, may provide opportunities to rectify potentially unhelpful management choices and enhance pain acceptance.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: © The Author(s), 2014. Reprints and permissions:
Publisher Keywords: Multiple sclerosis, pain, experiences, management, qualitative, thematic analysis
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Departments: School of Arts & Social Sciences > Psychology
Date Deposited: 23 Mar 2017 12:24
Text - Accepted Version
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