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The litmus test of pride: analysing the emergence of the Belgrade “Ghost” pride in the context of EU accession

Slootmaeckers, K. (2017). The litmus test of pride: analysing the emergence of the Belgrade “Ghost” pride in the context of EU accession. East European Politics, 33(4), pp. 517-535. doi: 10.1080/21599165.2017.1367290


The transformation of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) rights into a “standard for civilisation” has not been without consequences. With LGBT Pride parades becoming a symbol for Europeanness in the European Union (EU) accession process, this article asks how the litmus test character of Belgrade Pride has transformed LGBT politics in Serbia. Empirically, the analysis provides an in-depth analysis of how Serbia’s EU accession process has shaped the politics of Belgrade Pride between 2001 and 2015 and vice versa. It is argued that the international symbolic usage of Pride is no innocent practice as it has foreclosed its local politicality. Indeed, whilst Belgrade Pride became politicised as a litmus test in the EU accession process, domestically it developed into an apolitical ritualised event devoid of LGBT politics.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in East European Politics on 23 Aug 2017, available online:
Publisher Keywords: Pride parade, LGBT, Serbia, Europeanisation, standard of civilization, pink-testing
Departments: School of Policy & Global Affairs > International Politics
SWORD Depositor:
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