City Research Online

Optimal fiscal and monetary policy, debt crisis, and management

Cantore, C. M., Levine, P., Melina, G. & Pearlman, J. (2017). Optimal fiscal and monetary policy, debt crisis, and management. Macroeconomic Dynamics, 23(3), pp. 1166-1204. doi: 10.1017/s1365100517000207


The initial government debt-to-gross domestic product (GDP) ratio and the government's commitment play a pivotal role in determining the welfare-optimal speed of fiscal consolidation in the management of a debt crisis. Under commitment, for low or moderate initial government debt-to-GDP ratios, the optimal consolidation is very slow. A faster pace is optimal when the economy starts from a high level of public debt implying high sovereign risk premia, unless these are suppressed via a bailout by official creditors. Under discretion, the cost of not being able to commit is reflected into a quick consolidation of government debt. Simple monetary–fiscal rules with passive fiscal policy, designed for an environment with “normal shocks,” perform reasonably well in mimicking the Ramsey-optimal response to one-off government debt shocks. When the government can issue also long-term bonds—under commitment—the optimal debt consolidation pace is slower than in the case of short-term bonds only, and entails an increase in the ratio between long- and short-term bonds.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: This article has been published in a revised form in 'Macroeconomic dynamics' This version is free to view and download for private research and study only. Not for re-distribution, re-sale or use in derivative works. © 2017 Cambridge University Press.
Publisher Keywords: Optimal fiscal-monetary policy, Ramsey policy, time-consistent policy, optimised simple rules, debt consolidation, long-term debt, fiscal limits, sovereign default risk.
Departments: School of Policy & Global Affairs > Economics
SWORD Depositor:
[thumbnail of Optimal Fiscal and Monetary Policy, Debt.pdf]
Text - Accepted Version
Download (951kB) | Preview


Add to AnyAdd to TwitterAdd to FacebookAdd to LinkedinAdd to PinterestAdd to Email


Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics

Actions (login required)

Admin Login Admin Login