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Residential Load Variability and Diversity at Different Sampling Time and Aggregation Scales

Elombo, A., Morstyn, T., Apostolopoulou, D. ORCID: 0000-0002-9012-9910 & McCulloch, M. D. (2017). Residential Load Variability and Diversity at Different Sampling Time and Aggregation Scales. 2017 IEEE AFRICON, pp. 1331-1336. doi: 10.1109/AFRCON.2017.8095675


The increasing use of large-scale intermittent distributed renewable energy resources on the electrical power system introduces uncertainties in both network planning and management. In addition to architectural changes to the power system, the applications of demand side response (DSR) also add a dimension of complexity - thereby converting the traditionally passive customers into active prosumers (customers that both produce and consume electricity). It has therefore become important to conduct detailed studies on system load profiles to uncover the nature of the system load. These studies could help distribution network operators (DNOs) to adopt relevant strategies that can accommodate new resources such as distributed generation and energy storage on the evolving distribution network and ensure updated design and management approaches. This paper investigates the relationship between both the system load diversity and variability when different customers are aggregated at different scales. Additionally, the implication of sampling time scales is investigated to capture its effect on load diversity and variability. The study looks at the diversity and variability that is observable from the viewpoint of higher power levels, when interconnecting different sized groupings of customers, at different sampling resolutions. The paper thus concludes that the per-customer capacity requirement of the network decreases as the size of customer groupings increases. The load variability also decreases as the aggregation level increases. For active network management, faster time scales are required at lower aggregation scales due to high load variability.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2017 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other uses, in any current or future media, including reprinting/republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works, for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted component of this work in other works
Publisher Keywords: After-diverstiy maximum demand; variance; aggregation; sampling resolution; system load
Departments: School of Science & Technology
School of Science & Technology > Engineering > Electrical & Electronic Engineering
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