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On viscoelastic cavitating flows: A numerical study

Naseri, H., Koukouvinis, P., Malgarinos, I. & Gavaises, M. ORCID: 0000-0003-0874-8534 (2018). On viscoelastic cavitating flows: A numerical study. Physics of Fluids, 30(3), article number 033102. doi: 10.1063/1.5011978


The effect of viscoelasticity on turbulent cavitating flow inside a nozzle is simulated for Phan-Thien-Tanner (PTT) fluids. Two different flow configurations are used to show the effect of viscoelasticity on different cavitation mechanisms, namely, cloud cavitation inside a step nozzle and string cavitation in an injector nozzle. In incipient cavitation condition in the step nozzle, small-scale flow features including cavitating microvortices in the shear layer are suppressed by viscoelasticity. Flow turbulence and mixing are weaker compared to the Newtonian fluid, resulting in suppression of microcavities shedding from the cavitation cloud. Moreover, mass flow rate fluctuations and cavity shedding frequency are reduced by the stabilizing effect of viscoelasticity. Time averaged values of the liquid volume fraction show that cavitation formation is strongly suppressed in the PTT viscoelastic fluid, and the cavity cloud is pushed away from the nozzle wall. In the injector nozzle, a developed cloud cavity covers the nozzle top surface, while a vortex-induced string cavity emerges from the turbulent flow inside the sac volume. Similar to the step nozzle case, viscoelasticity reduces the vapor volume fraction in the cloud region. However, formation of the streamwise string cavity is stimulated as turbulence is suppressed inside the sac volume and the nozzle orifice. Vortical perturbations in the vicinity of the vortex are damped, allowing more vapor to develop in the string cavity region. The results indicate that the effect of viscoelasticity on cavitation depends on the alignment of the cavitating vortices with respect to the main flow direction.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: This article may be downloaded for personal use only. Any other use requires prior permission of the author and AIP Publishing. The following article appeared in Naseri, H., Koukouvinis, P., Malgarinos, I. & Gavaises, M. (2018). On viscoelastic cavitating flows: A numerical study. Physics of Fluids, 30(3), 033102, and may be found at
Departments: School of Science & Technology > Engineering
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