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An Assessment of the Impact of Uncertainty on Automatic Generation Control Systems

Apostolopoulou, D. ORCID: 0000-0002-9012-9910, Dominguez-Garcia, A. D. & Sauer, P. W. (2016). An Assessment of the Impact of Uncertainty on Automatic Generation Control Systems. IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, 31(4), pp. 2657-2665. doi: 10.1109/TPWRS.2015.2475415


This paper proposes a framework to quantify the impact of uncertainty that arises from load variations, renewable-based generation, and noise in communication channels on the automatic generation control (AGC) system. To this end, we rely on a model of the power system that includes the synchronous generator dynamics, the network, and the AGC system dynamics, as well as the effect of various sources of uncertainty. Then, we develop a method to analytically propagate the uncertainty from the aforementioned sources to the system frequency and area control error (ACE), and obtain expressions that approximate their probability distribution functions. We make use of this framework to obtain probabilistic expressions for the frequency performance criteria developed by the North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC); such expressions may be used to determine the limiting values of uncertainty that the system may withstand. The proposed ideas are illustrated through the Western Electricity Coordination Council (WECC) 9-bus 3-machine system and a 140-bus 48-machine system.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2016 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other uses, in any current or future media, including reprinting/republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works, for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted component of this work in other works.
Publisher Keywords: Automatic generation control, frequency performance criteria, noise in communication channels, renewable-based generation, stochastic differential equation model
Subjects: T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
Departments: School of Science & Technology > Engineering
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