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Comparative study of wall shear stress at the ascending aorta for different mechanical heart valve prostheses

Li, Q. ORCID: 0000-0001-7456-7868 and Bruecker, C. ORCID: 0000-0001-5834-3020 (2019). Comparative study of wall shear stress at the ascending aorta for different mechanical heart valve prostheses. Journal of Biomechanical Engineering, doi: 10.1115/1.4043357


An experimental study is reported which investigates the wall shear stress (WSS) distribution in a transparent model of the human aorta comparing a bileaflet mechanical heart valve (BMHV) with a trileaflet mechanical heart valve (TMHV) in physiological pulsatile flow. Elastic micro-pillar WSS sensors, calibrated by micro-Particle-Image-Velocimetry measurement, are applied to the wall along the ascending aorta. Peak WSS values are observed almost twice in BMHV compared to TMHV. Flow field analyses illuminate that these peaks are linked to the jet-like flows generated in the valves interacting with the aortic wall. Not only the magnitude but also the impact regions are specific for the different valve designs. The side-orifice jets generated by BMHV travel along the aortic wall in the ascending aorta and cause a whole range impact, while the jets generated by TMHV impact further downstream in the ascending aortic generating less severe WSS.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright (c) 2019 by ASME
Publisher Keywords: Prostheses , Heart valve prostheses , Aorta , Shear stress , Jets , Valves , Flow (Dynamics) , Sensors , Particulate matter , Columns (Structural)
Subjects: R Medicine
Departments: School of Mathematics, Computer Science & Engineering > Engineering > Mechanical Engineering & Aeronautics
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