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Scoping Review of the development of artificial eyes throughout the years

Chinnery, H., Thompson, S. B. N., Noroozi, S. & Dyer, B. (2017). Scoping Review of the development of artificial eyes throughout the years. Edorium Journal of Disability and Rehabilitation, 3, doi: 10.5348/d05-2017-25-ra-1


Losing an eye following trauma can lead to profound psychosocial difficulties making it imperative for the wearer to be fitted with an aesthetically pleasing custom-made artificial eye. Despite recent technological advancements, current design and manufacturing processes have remained unchanged in over 55 years. With the aim of portraying current knowledge regarding the development of artificial eyes in order to aid future development, a scooping review was conducted. Six online search engines were used: Scopus, PubMed, MedLine Complete, Web of Science, Science Direct and Google Scholar. Thirty-eight articles met the inclusion criteria and underwent numerical and thematic analysis with three thematic themes emerging. History and the current process of artificial eyes has been well documented, however, the impact of wearing artificial eyes is sparse. On-going research and development into the design and manufacturing processes of artificial eyes and the psychosocial impact of wearing an artificial eye is needed.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2017 Holly Chinnery et al. This article is distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium provided the original author(s) and original publisher are properly credited. Please see the copyright policy on the journal website for more information.
Publisher Keywords: Artificial eyes, Eye loss, Historical and technological development of artificial eyes, Prosthetic eyes, Psychosocial impact of prosthetics
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
R Medicine > RE Ophthalmology
Departments: School of Health & Psychological Sciences
SWORD Depositor:
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