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Retinoblastoma: Identifying the Diagnostic Signs for Early Treatment

Thompson, S. B. N., Chinnery, H., Noroozi, S. , Dyer, B. & Barratt, K. (2015). Retinoblastoma: Identifying the Diagnostic Signs for Early Treatment. International Journal of Neurorehabilitation, 02(02), article number 160. doi: 10.4172/2376-0281.1000160


Retinoblastoma is a rare but significant cause of childhood eye cancer world-wide. The prognosis depends upon early diagnosis and treatment but also upon accurate classification of the tumours. Unilateral incidence is normally non-hereditary compared with bilateral incidence where secondary tumours are more common. Survivorship is much better for unilateral compared with bilateral and trilateral retinoblastoma. Early signs are important to detect and photography can assist in identifying no return of “red-eye” during flash photography and yellow appearance of the tumour. Treatment options are discussed together with new psycho-oncology approaches that address potential trauma in the survivor as well as in the family of the survivor.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2015 Thompson SBN, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Publisher Keywords: Childhood cancer; Diagnosis; Eye cancer; Prognosis; Rehabilitation; Retinoblastoma; Treatment
Subjects: R Medicine > RE Ophthalmology
Departments: School of Health & Psychological Sciences > Nursing
SWORD Depositor:
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