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Incremental closure for systems of two variables per inequality

Howe, J. M. ORCID: 0000-0001-8013-6941, King, A. & Simon, A. (2019). Incremental closure for systems of two variables per inequality. Theoretical Computer Science, 768, pp. 1-42. doi: 10.1016/j.tcs.2018.12.001


Subclasses of linear inequalities where each inequality has at most two vari- ables are popular in abstract interpretation and model checking, because they strike a balance between what can be described and what can be efficiently computed. This paper focuses on the TVPI class of inequalities, for which each coefficient of each two variable inequality is unrestricted. An implied TVPI in- equality can be generated from a pair of TVPI inequalities by eliminating a given common variable (echoing resolution on clauses). This operation, called result , can be applied to derive TVPI inequalities which are entailed (implied) by a given TVPI system. The key operation on TVPI is calculating closure: satisfiability can be observed from a closed system and a closed system also simplifies the calculation of other operations. A closed system can be derived by repeatedly applying the result operator. The process of adding a single TVPI inequality to an already closed input TVPI system and then finding the closure of this augmented system is called incremental closure. This too can be calcu- lated by the repeated application of the result operator. This paper studies the calculus defined by result , the structure of result derivations, and how deriva- tions can be combined and controlled. A series of lemmata on derivations are presented that, collectively, provide a pathway for synthesising an algorithm for incremental closure. The complexity of the incremental closure algorithm is analysed and found to be O (( n 2 + m 2 )lg( m )), where n is the number of variables and m the number of inequalities of the input TVPI system.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: This is an open access article made available under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License (CC-BY 4.0).
Publisher Keywords: Abstract interpretation; Weakly relational abstract domains; Two variables per inequality (TVPI) abstract domain
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA75 Electronic computers. Computer science
Departments: School of Science & Technology > Computer Science
Text - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons: Attribution International Public License 4.0.

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