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Fire resistance of steel beam to square CFST column composite joints using RC slabs: Experiments and numerical studies

Yang, Y-F. & Fu, F. ORCID: 0000-0002-9176-8159 (2019). Fire resistance of steel beam to square CFST column composite joints using RC slabs: Experiments and numerical studies. Fire Safety Journal, 104, pp. 90-108. doi: 10.1016/j.firesaf.2019.01.009


In this paper, experimental investigation and numerical simulation of steel beam to square concrete-filled steel tube (CFST) column composite joints that use reinforced concrete (RC) slabs subjected to localized and global fire conditions are presented. Eight joints were tested under the ISO 834 fire standard, and the effect of different parameters including the load ratio of beams, the beam-to-column ratio of linear stiffness, and different fire scenarios was studied during testing. The failure patterns and the thermal responses of the structural members including the temperature distribution, axial displacement of columns, vertical deflection of the beam ends, and fire resistance of the joints were recorded and discussed. The results show that tube buckling of the square CFST columns, flange buckling of the steel beams, and separation between the top flange of the steel beams and the RC slabs were the primary failure patterns of this type of joint. Moreover, the temperatures of structural members within the connection zone were lower than those in the other regions. Compared with other factors, the load ratio of the beams demonstrated a significant influence on the displacement of the structural members and the fire resistance of the joints. A three-dimensional finite element analysis (FEA) model was built to simulate the fire performance of this type of composite joint. The simulation results were compared to the test results in terms of failure patterns, temperature distributions, displacements, and fire resistances, and good agreement in general was achieved. Finally, the FEA model was adopted to examine the effect of parameters on the fire resistance of the composite joints with axial and flexural constraints applied at the ends of the beam.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: © Elsevier 2019. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license
Publisher Keywords: square CFST column; steel beam; composite joint; RC slab; fire performance; fire resistance; experiments; FEA simulation; localized fire; global fire
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Departments: School of Science & Technology > Engineering
SWORD Depositor:
[thumbnail of 2019-01-ELSVR_25022_Q_1_Joint-fire_Text-FISJ_2018_321_R3-change accepted.pdf]
Text - Accepted Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.

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