City Research Online

Global Power Shifts, Diversity, and Hierarchy in International Politics

Parmar, I. ORCID: 0000-0001-8688-9020 (2019). Global Power Shifts, Diversity, and Hierarchy in International Politics. Ethics & International Affairs, 33(02), pp. 231-244. doi: 10.1017/s0892679419000091


Liberal internationalism is under the microscope as never before as the world experiences turbulence and anxiety. The spectre of right-wing authoritarianism and even fascism haunts western societies as struggles for recognition dominate domestic politics, while demands of (re)emerging states for international representation grow more compelling. Simultaneously, there is broader recognition of a growing legitimacy crisis of the American hegemon principally due to the mindsets and failures of its liberal hegemonic elites. Both developments are major advances in understanding how the West dominates ‘diversity regimes’ or co-opts discourses universal in origin and character, and of how the US foreign establishment has brought the world to the current conjuncture. Yet, there are limitations still. Although central, the concepts of diversity, hierarchy, and elites, need to be broadened out significantly, and rooted in corporate-class power, to fully comprehend the core crises of international order today.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: This article has been published in a revised form in Ethics & International Affairs, This version is free to view and download for private research and study only. Not for re-distribution, re-sale or use in derivative works. © Cambridge University Press.
Publisher Keywords: diversity regime; hierarchy; elites; organic intellectuals; ultraimperialism; class; class inequality; western hegemony; liberal order; Koch Foundation
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HT Communities. Classes. Races
J Political Science > JA Political science (General)
Departments: School of Policy & Global Affairs > International Politics
SWORD Depositor:
[thumbnail of Global Power Shifts, Diversity, and Hierarchy in International Politics.pdf]
Text - Accepted Version
Download (171kB) | Preview


Add to AnyAdd to TwitterAdd to FacebookAdd to LinkedinAdd to PinterestAdd to Email


Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics

Actions (login required)

Admin Login Admin Login