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Numerical simulation of three-phase flow in an external gear pump using immersed boundary approach

Murali-Girija, M., Koukouvinis, F. ORCID: 0000-0002-3945-3707, Karathanassis, I. K. ORCID: 0000-0001-9025-2866 & Gavaises, M. ORCID: 0000-0003-0874-8534 (2019). Numerical simulation of three-phase flow in an external gear pump using immersed boundary approach. Applied Mathematical Modelling, 72, pp. 682-699. doi: 10.1016/j.apm.2019.03.022


This paper presents a three-phase fully compressible model applied along with an immersed boundary model for predicting cavitation occurring in a two dimensional gear pump in the presence of non-condensable gas (NCG). Combination of these models is capable of overcoming numerical challenges such as modelling the contact between the gears and simulating the effect of NCG in cavitation. The model accounting for the effect of NCG also has broader applicability, since gas dissolved in liquids can come out of the solution when exposed to low pressures; this plays a significant role in the pump performance and cavitation erosion. Here the simulation results are presented for the gear pump at different operating conditions including the contact between gear, gear RPM and % of NCG; their effects on performance and cavitation is demonstrated. The results suggest that modelling the contact between the gears play a role in the cavitation prediction inside the gear pump. An increase in cavitation is observed when the contact is modelled even for the small pressure difference considered between the inlet and outlet. An increase in the RPM of the gears also results in increased cavitation within the pump, whereas an increase in the percentage of NCG content by a small amount can reduce the cavitation to a greater extent. This reduction is due to the expansion of the gas at a lower pressure which recovers the pressure and prevents or delays the phase-change process of the working fluid. The fluctuations in the outflow rate is also found to increase when the gears are in contact and also with increasing gas content.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: © Elsevier 2019. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license
Publisher Keywords: three-phase flow, cavitation, non-condensable gas, compressible flow, gear pump, barotropic, immersed boundary
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Departments: School of Science & Technology > Engineering
SWORD Depositor:
[thumbnail of Mithun_gear_pumps_accepted_manuscript.pdf]
Text - Accepted Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.

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