City Research Online

Performance Requirements in International Investment Law

Collins, D. A. ORCID: 0000-0002-5517-6949 (2019). Performance Requirements in International Investment Law. In: Chaisse, J., Choukroune, L. & Jusoh, S. (Eds.), Handbook of International Investment Law and Policy. . Singapore: Springer. doi: 10.1007/978-981-13-5744-2_3-1


This chapter explores the way performance requirements have been restricted in international investment law, commencing with a discussion of the investment-oriented aspects of WTO law (the most important of which is the TRIMs Agreement) and continuing with an examination of the prohibition on performance requirements contained in international investment agreements (IIAs). It notes that the established understanding of performance requirements as conditions placed on foreign investors to structure their behaviour in a manner that serves the interest of the host state but which is often discriminatory and harmful to a firm’s competitiveness, may need to be expanded as the types of conditions imposed on foreign firms has changed. In particular this chapter draws attention to rules prohibiting forced technology transfer and, even more innovatively, data localization requirements in relation to digital trade. It suggests that the developmental potential of performance requirements must not be ignored as new disciplines governing their use are developed in line with changes to the modern global economy.

Publication Type: Book Section
Additional Information: ©Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd.
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HG Finance
J Political Science > JX International law
K Law
Departments: The City Law School > Academic Programmes
The City Law School > International Law and Affairs Group
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