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Measurement of frequency occupancy levels in TV bands in urban environment in Kosovo

Maloku, H., Fazliu, Z. L., Ibrani, M., Mekuli, A., Sela, E. and Rajarajan, M. (2019). Measurement of frequency occupancy levels in TV bands in urban environment in Kosovo. 2018 18th Mediterranean Microwave Symposium (MMS), doi: 10.1109/MMS.2018.8612014 ISSN 2157-9822


In this study we conduct an assessment of usage and availability of frequency bands, traditionally assigned to TV broadcasters, in urban environments in Kosovo. The assessment was performed for VHF and UHF bands at 8 different urban locations. Localized measurements indicate that a major part of these frequencies is severely under-utilized even in highly urbanized areas where a higher utilization level would be expected. Preliminary results further show that spectrum utilization level varies significantly with altitude and is much lower in indoor environments. Our initial calculations show that current percentage of availability of TV bands in tested locations varies between 87.5% and 100%. These results indicate that spectrum utilization in these bands could be greatly improved by allowing the opportunistic use of spectrum by cognitive radios and other wireless communication technologies, such as future cellular networks.

Publication Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Additional Information: © 2019 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other uses, in any current or future media, including reprinting/republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works, for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted component of this work in other works.
Publisher Keywords: TV; Urban areas; UHF measurements; Frequency measurement; Floors; Cognitive radio; TV white space; cognitive radio; spectrum measurements; spectrum occupancy
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General)
T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
Departments: School of Mathematics, Computer Science & Engineering > Engineering > Electrical & Electronic Engineering
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