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Optimal tuning and assessment of inertial dampers with grounded inerter for vibration control of seismically excited base-isolated systems

De Angelis, M., Giaralis, A. ORCID: 0000-0002-2952-1171, Petrini, F. and Pietrosanti, D. (2019). Optimal tuning and assessment of inertial dampers with grounded inerter for vibration control of seismically excited base-isolated systems. Engineering Structures, 196, 109250.. doi: 10.1016/j.engstruct.2019.05.091

Abstract

In this paper, the concept of an ideal grounded linear inerter, endowing supplemental inertia to passive linear tuned mass-dampers (TMDs) through its inertance property without increasing the TMD mass, is considered to reduce lateral displacement demands in base isolated structural systems (BISs). Optimal tuned mass-damper-inerter (TMDI) design parameters are numerically determined to maximize energy dissipation by the TMDI under stationary white noise support excitation. Performance of these optimally designed TMDI-equipped BISs is assessed for stationary white and colored noise excitations as well as for four recorded earthquake acceleration ground motions (GMs) with different non-stationary frequency content. It is found that for fixed mass ratio the inclusion of the grounded inerter reduces significantly secondary mass displacement and stroke for all considered excitations while it improves appreciably BIS displacement demands except for the particular case of a near-fault accelerogram characterized by early arrival of a high-energy low-frequency pulse as captured in its wavelet spectrogram. More importantly, it leads further to reductions to BIS acceleration demands with the exception of colored noise excitation for which an insignificant increase is noted. The positive effects of the inerter saturate with increasing inertance and BIS damping ratio demonstrating that small inertance values are more effective in vibration suppression of BISs with low inherent damping. Overall, it is recommended to combine low damping isolation layers with large inertance and low secondary mass TMDIs.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2019 Elsevier. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Publisher Keywords: Inerter, Tuned mass damper inerter (TMDI), Tuned mass damper (TMD), Tuned inerter damper (TID), Base isolation, Optimal design, Random excitation, Pulse-like accelerograms
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Departments: School of Mathematics, Computer Science & Engineering > Engineering > Civil Engineering
URI: https://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/22363
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