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Numerical study on screw machines with large helix angles

Lu, Y., Kovacevic, A. ORCID: 0000-0002-8732-2242 & Read, M. G. ORCID: 0000-0002-7753-2457 (2018). Numerical study on screw machines with large helix angles. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, 425(1), article number 12015. doi: 10.1088/1757-899X/425/1/012023


Modelling and performance calculation of screw machines with large helix angles such as a single and multiphase screw pumps by use of Computational Fluid Dynamics is challenging. The numerical procedures explained in literature are based on the 3D numerical meshes generated by series of 2D transverse cross sections which allows mesh to either follow the helix or be perpendicular to the rotor axis. This allows generating a conformal mesh. However, if the rotor helix angle is large, the cell skewness becomes prohibitively large which introduces errors in numerical simulation. The paper firstly attempts to generalize the generation method of rotor profiles with emphasis on producing a normal rack and rotors profiles. Then it introduces the method which uses series of 2D numerical meshes in the planes normal to each of the rotors and rack in order to decompose the working domain in two sub-domains. By this means it is possible to achieve 3D numerical mesh with extended capability of mesh refinement in clearances and alignment of the mesh to the main and leakage flows. However, special treatment is required to provide conformal interface between two moving meshes and with the casing. It is expected that it will greatly benefit accuracy and ease of performance calculation using a number of CFD solvers. In addition it is expected that it will allow generation of various different screw machine configurations like single screw machines or machines with conical rotors.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: Content from this work may be used under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 licence. Any further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the author(s) and the title of the work, journal citation and DOI.
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Departments: School of Science & Technology > Engineering
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