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The Sensing Endotracheal Tube

May, J.M., Phillips, J. P. ORCID: 0000-0003-3486-3704, Snidvongs, S. & Kyriacou, P. A. ORCID: 0000-0002-2868-485X (2019). The Sensing Endotracheal Tube. In: 2019 41st Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC). 2019 41st Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine & Biology Society (EMBC, 23 - 27 July 2019, Berlin, Germany. doi: 10.1109/EMBC.2019.8856662


Current pulse oximetry sensors are not very wellsuited to use in anaesthetised patients as it has been shownthat during episodes of reduced peripheral circulation they donot function correctly or fail all together [1], [2]. To addressthis problem a new design for a photoplethysmography (PPG)endotracheal (ET) sensor to monitor pulse rate and oxygensaturation (SpO2) internally is presented. Flexible printedcircuit board (PCB) technology and miniature optoelectroniccomponents have been implemented and integrated with acustom instrumentation system [3]. The sensor adheres andconforms to the curvature of standard french-gauge 7 and 8ET tubes at the point just above the inflatable cuff within thelaryngeal positioning markings. A 3D-modelled, optically clear,soft silicon encapsulation electronically and thermally isolatesthe electronic components whilst providing a smooth surface toaid the insertion on the ET tube during standard intubationprocedures. A pilot study with 5 patients (3 Female, 2 Male),undergoing abdominal and limb laproscopic procedures hasdemonstrated the operation of the sensing ET tube, showinggood quality red and infra-red PPG signals. Preliminary signalanalysis reveals heart rate can be measured via PPG success-fully, with saturation (SpO2) readings in close agreement withthe commercial monitors of 97.9% (STD 0.2%) and 98.6% (STD 0.8%) respectively

Publication Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Additional Information: © 2019 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other uses, in any current or future media, including reprinting/republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works, for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted component of this work in other works.
Publisher Keywords: Sensors, Monitoring, Electron tubes, Surgery, Pulse oximetry, Biomedical monitoring, Pulse oximeter
Subjects: T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
Departments: School of Science & Technology
School of Science & Technology > Engineering
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