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Comparison of Performance and Controlling Schemes of Synchronous and Induction Machines Used in Flywheel Energy Storage Systems

Soomro, A., Amiryar, M. E., Pullen, K. R. ORCID: 0000-0001-8501-9226 & Nankoo, D. (2018). Comparison of Performance and Controlling Schemes of Synchronous and Induction Machines Used in Flywheel Energy Storage Systems. Energy Procedia, 151, pp. 100-110. doi: 10.1016/j.egypro.2018.09.034


For stable operation of the electrical grid, it is vital to maintain a balance between demand and supply of electrical power. Imbalance at any instant between consumption and generation causes voltage and frequency instability. Intermittent generation (wind and solar) in power systems is more likely to cause such imbalances hence the existence of frequency and voltage variations. To address stability issues due to integration of intermittent renewable sources into the grid, a storage device is required which can quickly respond to the power fluctuations. A Flywheel Energy Storage System (FESS) has the capability to respond within a sub-second timescale and is able to address the problems caused by power variations. The performance of FESS is highly dependent on the type of motor/generator (MG) set which is the key component generating or absorbing power from grid. The three main types of electrical machines used in FESS applications are synchronous machine (SM), induction machine (IM) and the switched reluctance machine (SRM). SRM is less commonly used due to high current ripples and complex torque control [1]. SM is used for high speed applications due to its high efficiency and IM is used for high power applications due to its rough construction. This research focuses on the comparison of synchronous and induction machines used in flywheel energy storage systems for microgrid applications [2]. The operation and controlling schemes of each electrical machine has been described as used in the analysis made in the MATLAB/Simulink environment

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: This is an open access article made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives license (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0).
Publisher Keywords: Flywheel energy storage; Motor/generator; Induction machine; Synchronous machine; DC bus voltage
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Departments: School of Science & Technology > Engineering > Mechanical Engineering & Aeronautics
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