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Nonbelieved Memories in The False Memory Archive

Otgaar, H., Bücken, C., Bogaard, G. , Wade, K., Hopwood, A., Scoboria, A. & Howe, M. L. ORCID: 0000-0002-5747-5571 (2019). Nonbelieved Memories in The False Memory Archive. Journal of Applied Research in Memory and Cognition, 8(4), pp. 429-438. doi: 10.1016/j.jarmac.2019.07.003


The False Memory Archive is a unique art collection containing hundreds of false memory reports submitted by members of the general population. The current study aimed to analysethese reports. Specifically, we examined whether some of the memories reported in these submissions were better described as nonbelievedmemories (NBMs).Furthermore, we investigated the reasons for why people decided that their memory was false and assessed the verification strategies that people used to validate their mental representation. Five hundred submissions were coded and more than half (53.4%) met the criteria for NBMs. Social feedback was the most frequently reported reason for reducing belief and asking family members was the most frequently mentioned memory verification strategy. Reports categorized as NBMs were more likely toinclude mention of memory verification strategies thanwerebelieved memories.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: © Elsevier 2019. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license
Publisher Keywords: False Memory; Nonbelieved Memory; Memory Verification
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Departments: School of Health & Psychological Sciences > Psychology
Text - Accepted Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.

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