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Nonvolatile waveguide transmission tuning with electrically-driven ultra-small GST phase-change material

Zhang, H., Zhou, L., Xu, J. , Wang, N., Hu, H., Lu, L., Rahman, B. M. ORCID: 0000-0001-6384-0961 & Chen, J. (2019). Nonvolatile waveguide transmission tuning with electrically-driven ultra-small GST phase-change material. Science Bulletin, 64(11), pp. 782-789. doi: 10.1016/j.scib.2019.04.035


Low-power reconfigurable optical circuits are highly demanded to satisfy a variety of different applications. Conventional electro-optic and thermo-optic refractive index tuning methods in silicon photonics are not suitable for reconfiguration of optical circuits due to their high static power consumption and volatility. We propose and demonstrate a nonvolatile tuning method by utilizing the reversible phase change property of GST integrated on top of the silicon waveguide. The phase change is enabled by applying electrical pulses to the μm-sized GST active region in a sandwich structure. The experimental results show that the optical transmission of the silicon waveguide can be tuned by controlling the phase state of GST.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright, 2019 Science China Press. Published by Elsevier B.V. and Science China Press. This is an open accessarticle under the CC BY license (
Publisher Keywords: Phase change material; Nonvolatile optical switch; Integrated optics devices; Chalcogenide Ge2Sb2Te5
Subjects: T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
Departments: School of Science & Technology > Engineering
SWORD Depositor:
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Available under License Creative Commons: Attribution International Public License 4.0.

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