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Ambivalent Sexism and Gay Men in the US and UK

Blumell, L. ORCID: 0000-0003-4608-9269 & Rodriguez, N.S. (2019). Ambivalent Sexism and Gay Men in the US and UK. Sexuality & Culture, pp. 1-21. doi: 10.1007/s12119-019-09635-1


Intersectionality addresses power structures and systemic oppressions tied to marginalized identities, which qualitatively differentiates marginalized individuals from each other. This study examines the intersection of gender, sexuality, and nationality to understand possible sexist attitudes of gay men in the US and UK. It uses the Ambivalent Sexism Inventory along with five predictor variables: religiosity, political ideology, nationalism, anti-immigration attitudes, and news consumption. The importance of this study is to analyze a potentially overlooked source of sexism. Results show UK participants had significantly higher benevolent sexism, but US participants had significantly higher hostile sexism. Self-identified conservatives in both countries had the highest hostile sexism, but benevolent sexism was not significantly different according to political identity. Religiosity was a significant predictor variable of benevolent sexism in the US and UK. Nationalism and anti-immigration attitudes were significant predictor variables of hostile sexism in the US and UK. Consuming conservative news was a significant predictor variable of hostile sexism in the US only. This study illustrates the importance of intersectionality in order to identify problematic attitudes, even within an already marginalized group.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: © The Author(s) 2019. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.
Publisher Keywords: Ambivalent sexism, Gay men, Religiosity, Nationalism Anti-immigration attitudes, News consumption, Political ideology
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BL Religion
H Social Sciences > HQ The family. Marriage. Woman
J Political Science > JC Political theory
Departments: School of Communication & Creativity > Journalism
Text - Accepted Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

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