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How is the Theoretical Domains Framework applied to developing health behaviour interventions? A systematic search and narrative synthesis

Dyson, J. (2019). How is the Theoretical Domains Framework applied to developing health behaviour interventions? A systematic search and narrative synthesis. BMC Public Health, 19, p. 1180. doi: 10.1186/s12889-019-7442-5

Abstract

Background
Enabling behaviour change in health care is a complex process. Although the use of theory to inform behaviour change interventions is advocated, there is limited information about how this might best be achieved. There are multiple models of behaviour change, however, due to their complexity they can be inaccessible to both researchers and healthcare practitioners. To support health care practitioner behaviour change, this was addressed by the development of the Theoretical Domains Framework (TDF) in 2005. Citations of the TDF and associated papers have increased exponentially. Although not predicted or intended by the authors, the TDF has also been used to investigate health behaviours of patients or the general population. Therefore our aim was to narratively synthesize empirical evidence on how the TDF and subsequent iterations have been applied in health behaviour change to inform future intervention development.

Methods
Systematic search of four online databases, combined with searches for citations of key papers and key author searches, resulted in 3583 articles eligible for screening. Of these 10 met the pre-determined inclusion criteria. Screening of full-texts, data extraction and quality appraisal were independently performed by both authors. Disagreements regarding eligibility were resolved through discussion.
Results
Of the 10 included studies three used the TDF and seven used subsequent iterations, the Capability, Opportunity, Motivation to Behaviour / Behaviour Change Wheel to assess and /or categorise behavioural determinants to identify relevant behaviour change techniques. . . Two studies reported feasibility testing. Most interventions were targeted at diet and exercise. Eight reported an explicit and systematic process in applying the framework.

Conclusion
There is limited evidence of how the framework has been used to support health behaviour change interventions. In the included studies the process of using the framework is not always reported in detail or with clarity. More recent studies use a systematic ci and judicious process of framework application. From the limited evidence available we tentatively suggest that the steps proposed in the BCW appear to be sufficient for development of interventions that target health behaviour change interventions.
Further research is needed to provide evidence in how the framework may be most effectively applied to intervention development.

Protocol registration
PROSPERO CRD42018086896 https://www.crd.york.ac.uk/PROSPERO.

Publication Type: Article
Publisher Keywords: Health behaviour change, Theoretical Domains Framework (TDF), Capability, Opportunity, Motivation to Behaviour (COM-B), Behaviour Change Wheel (BCW), narrative review
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine
Departments: School of Health Sciences > Nursing
URI: https://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/22646
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