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A Pulsatile Optical Tissue Phantom for the Investigation of Light-Tissue Interaction in Reflectance Photoplethysmography

Nomoni, M., Kyriacou, P. A. & May, J.M. ORCID: 0000-0002-8659-756X (2019). A Pulsatile Optical Tissue Phantom for the Investigation of Light-Tissue Interaction in Reflectance Photoplethysmography. 2019 41st Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine & Biology Society (EMBC), pp. 3204-3207. ISSN 1558-4615 doi: 10.1109/EMBC.2019.8857036


The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of emitter-detector separation distance and arterial depth in reflectance photoplethysmography (PPG), utilizing a homogenous pulsatile phantom that exhibits the broad optical absorbance and scattering properties of human tissue. The developed phantom comprised of embedded silicone arteries (outer diameter = 4 mm) that were arranged parallel to one another at nine increasing depths (3.2 mm to 24.4 mm). A pulsatile pump (Harvard Apparatus, MA, USA) circulated a blood imitating fluid through the vessels at the desired heart rate (60 bpm) and stroke volume (5 Lmin-1). The PPG sensor’s emitter and detector were isolated on a translation bridge to provide a computer-controlled separation distance between them. Recordings were taken at each vessel depth for emitter-detector separation distances from 2 mm to 8 mm in 0.1 mm steps. The optimum separation distance between the emitter and detector for vessels between depths of 3.2 mm and 10.5 mm was between 3.7 and 4.3 mm, suggesting that the maximum penetration of IR (930 nm) light in a homogenous pulsatile phantom is no greater than 10.5 mm.

Publication Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Additional Information: © 2019 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other uses, in any current or future media, including reprinting/republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works, for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted component of this work in other works.
Departments: School of Science & Technology > Engineering
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