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Optimal tuned mass-damper-inerter (TMDI) design in wind-excited tall buildings for occupants’ comfort serviceability performance and energy harvesting

Petrini, F., Giaralis, A. ORCID: 0000-0002-2952-1171 and Wang, Z. (2020). Optimal tuned mass-damper-inerter (TMDI) design in wind-excited tall buildings for occupants’ comfort serviceability performance and energy harvesting. Engineering Structures, 204, 109904.. doi: 10.1016/j.engstruct.2019.109904

Abstract

The tuned mass-damper-inerter (TMDI) couples the classical tuned mass-damper (TMD), with an inerter device developing a resisting force proportional to the relative acceleration of its ends by the “inertance” constant. Previous works demonstrated that the inclusion of the TMDI leads to more efficient broadband vibration control for a range of different structures under different actions. This paper proposes a novel optimal TMDI design formulation to address occupants’ comfort in wind-excited slender tall buildings susceptible to vortex shedding (VS) effects and to explore optimal TMDI’s potential for transforming part of the windinduced kinetic energy to usable electricity in tall buildings. Attention is focused on investigating benefits of TMDIs with different inertial properties (i.e., secondary mass/weight and inertance) configured in different topologies defined by the number of floors spanned by the inerter device to connect the secondary mass to the building structure. Optimally designed TMDIs for a wide range of inertial properties and three different topologies are obtained through numerical solution of the underlying optimization problem for a benchmark 305.9m tall building with more than 6 height-to-width ratio subjected to experimentally calibrated spatiallycorrelated across-wind force field accounting for VS effects. Performance-based design (PBD) graphs on the TMDI inertial (mass-inertance) plane are furnished demonstrating that any fixed structural performance level in terms of occupants’ comfort (i.e., peak top floor acceleration) can be achieved through lightweight TMDIs if compared with classical TMDs as long as sufficient inertance is provided. Further, TMDI robustness to host structure properties and to reference wind velocity is shown to increase by increasing inertance or by spanning more floors in connecting the secondary mass with the host structure by the inerter. Lastly, it is found that increased available energy for harvesting in wind excited tall buildings is achieved by incorporating electromagnetic motors in TMDIs with varying damping property, while concurrent reduced floor acceleration and increased available energy for harvesting is accomplished by TMDI topologies with inerters spanning more floors.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: © Elsevier 2019. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Publisher Keywords: tuned mass damper inerter; vortex shedding; tall buildings; energy harvesting; optimal design
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
T Technology > TH Building construction
Departments: School of Mathematics, Computer Science & Engineering > Engineering > Civil Engineering
URI: https://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/23199
[img] Text - Accepted Version
This document is not freely accessible until 21 November 2020 due to copyright restrictions.
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.

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