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Multi-Objective Optimisation of A Centrifugal Compressor for a Micro Gas Turbine Operated by Concentrated Solar Power

Sayma, A. I., Iaria, D., Khader, M. and Al Zaili, J. ORCID: 0000-0003-4072-2107 (2017). Multi-Objective Optimisation of A Centrifugal Compressor for a Micro Gas Turbine Operated by Concentrated Solar Power. Proceedings of the Global Power and Propulsion Forum 2017, ISSN 2504-4400

Abstract

Solar powered micro-gas turbines (MGTs) are required to work over a wide range of operating conditions due to the fluctuations in the solar insulation. This means that the compressor has to perform efficiently over a wider range than in conventional MGTs. To be able to extend the efficient operating range of a compressor at the design stage, both impeller blades and diffuser passage need to be optimised. Vaneless diffusers could offer more flexibility to extend the operating range than typical diffuser vanes. This paper presents a methodology for the design and optimisation of a centrifugal compressor for a 6 kW micro-gas turbine intended for operation using a Concentrated Solar Power (CSP) system using a parabolic dish concentrator. Preliminary design parameters were obtained from the overall system specifications and detailed cycle analysis combined with practical constraints. The compressor’s geometry optimisation has been performed using a fast and computationally efficient method, which involves the Latin hypercube Design of Experiment (DoE) technique coupled with the response surface method (RSM) in order to build a regression model through CFD simulations. Three different RSM techniques were compared with the aim to choose the most suitable technique for this specific application and then a genetic algorithm was applied. The CFD analysis for the optimised compressor showed that the high efficiency operating range has increased compared to the baseline design. Cycle analysis for the plant has been performed in order to evaluate the effect of the new compressor design on the system performance. The simulations demonstrated that the operating range of the plant was increased by over 30%.

Publication Type: Conference or Workshop Item (UNSPECIFIED)
Departments: School of Mathematics, Computer Science & Engineering > Engineering > Mechanical Engineering & Aeronautics
URI: https://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/23218
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