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An investigation into the impact of deprivation on demographic inequalities in adults

Mayhew, L. ORCID: 0000-0002-0380-1757, Harper, G. & Villegas, A. M. (2020). An investigation into the impact of deprivation on demographic inequalities in adults. Annals of Actuarial Science, doi: 10.1017/S1748499520000068


This research investigates the impact of deprivation on demographic inequalities in England and Wales among adults. Using demographic measures including the modal age at death, life expectancy, lifespan variation and mortality, it shows a negative correlation with deprivation as measured by the 2015 Index of Multiple Deprivation. Although it finds that life expectancy is increasing overall and the gap between men and women is lessening, improvements are slower paced in more deprived areas such that the gap between rich and poor is slowly worsening over time. Men are more adversely impacted by deprivation than women with the gap in period life expectancy at age 30 in 2015 between the top and bottom 1% of deprived neighbourhoods at 10.9 years for men and 8.4 years for women. Between 2001 and 2015 inequalities in male mortality rates at age 44 were 4.4 times greater in the most deprived 10% of neighbourhoods than those in the 10% least deprived, and were much higher than in intervening deciles. The worst deprivation is concentrated in specific areas. For example, in 22 out of 326 English districts 25% or more of neighbourhoods are in the most deprived 10% and in 5 districts it is 40% or above.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: This article has been published in a revised form in Annals of Actuarial Science at This version is free to view and download for private research and study only. Not for re-distribution or re-use. © Cambridge University Press.
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HA Statistics
H Social Sciences > HT Communities. Classes. Races
H Social Sciences > HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare
Departments: Bayes Business School > Actuarial Science & Insurance
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