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The influence of rotor geometry on power transfer between rotors in gerotor-type screw compressors

Read, M. G. ORCID: 0000-0002-7753-2457, Stosic, N. and Smith, I. K. (2019). The influence of rotor geometry on power transfer between rotors in gerotor-type screw compressors. Journal of Mechanical Design, doi: 10.1115/1.4045508

Abstract

A configuration of twin-screw positive displacement machine is proposed, consisting of an internally-geared outer rotor meshing with an externally-geared inner rotor. Helical rotors with constant profile and pitch are used with parallel rotor axes and stationary end plates incorporating inlet and discharge ports to achieve internal compression or expansion. The focus of this paper is to understand the effect of rotor geometry on two key performance indicators; the swept volume of the machine, and the proportion of input power transferred between the inner and outer rotors. This requires a detailed analysis of the limitations on rotor profile generation, the formation of working chambers, and the forces exerted on the rotors. The choice of rotor for power transfer to or from the machine is shown to be an important consideration, and helical rotors are found to enable lower power transfer between rotors during operation when compared to straight-cut rotors, but with reduced swept volume for the same machine size. For particular applications, this compromise is characterised through multi-objective optimisation of the rotor profile and wrap angle in order to identify appropriate configurations for the proposed machine.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: © ASME
Publisher Keywords: design of innovative devices design of machine elements, design of machine elements, design optimization, energy systems design
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Departments: School of Mathematics, Computer Science & Engineering > Engineering > Mechanical Engineering & Aeronautics
URI: https://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/23254
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