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High power 405 nm diode laser fiber-coupled single-mode system with high long-term stability

Gonschior, C. P., Klein, K.-F., Heyse, D. , Baumann, S., Sun, T. & Grattan, K. T. V. (2013). High power 405 nm diode laser fiber-coupled single-mode system with high long-term stability. Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering, 8605, article number 86050O. doi: 10.1117/12.2003888


Fiber-coupled 405 nm diode laser systems are rarely used with fiber output powers higher than 50 mW. A quick degradation of fiber-coupled high power modules with wavelengths in the lower range of the visible spectrum is known for several years. Meanwhile, the typical power of single-mode diode lasers around 400 nm is in the order of 100 to 300 mW, leading to single-mode fiber core power densities in the 1 MW/cm² range. This is three magnitudes of order below the known threshold for optical damage. Our profound investigations on the influence of 405 nm laser light irradiation of single-mode fibers found the growth of periodic surface structures in the form of ripples responsible for the power loss. The ripples are found on the proximal and distal fiber end surfaces, negatively impacting power transmission and beam quality, respectively. Important parameters in the generation of the surface structures are power density, surface roughness and polarization direction. A fiber-coupled high-power 405 nm diode laser system with a high long-term stability will be introduced and described.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright 2013 Society of Photo Optical Instrumentation Engineers. One print or electronic copy may be made for personal use only. Systematic reproduction and distribution, duplication of any material in this paper for a fee or for commercial purposes, or modification of the content of the paper are prohibited.
Publisher Keywords: fiber damage, surface damage, ripples, periodic surface structures, UV defects, long-term stability, single-mode laser, single-mode fiber
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Departments: School of Science & Technology > Engineering
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