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Reverse transformation? Global shifts, the core-periphery divide and the future of the EU

Onis, Z. & Kutlay, M. ORCID: 0000-0003-4942-1001 (2019). Reverse transformation? Global shifts, the core-periphery divide and the future of the EU. Journal of Contemporary European Studies, 28(2), pp. 197-215. doi: 10.1080/14782804.2019.1708280


The EU faces an existential crisis. The ‘liberal core’, which played an important role in transforming the illiberal regimes in much of the post-war period, suffers from a series of setbacks. This paper argues that the possibility of reverse transformation – that is, the power of the emergent illiberal bloc to influence the liberal core, has become a real possibility for the first time in the history of European integration. The paper contributes to the growing debate on the sources of the EU’s existential crisis and its future from a global political economy perspective. We suggest that a push-and-pull framework provides a coherent analytical toolkit to explain the properties and nature of the illiberal turn in the EU with its potential implications for the future of European integration.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Journal of Contemporary European Studies on 27 Dec 2019, available online:
Publisher Keywords: Multiple crises of the EU, reverse transformation, illiberalism, global political economy, de-Europeanization
Subjects: J Political Science > JN Political institutions (Europe)
J Political Science > JZ International relations
Departments: School of Policy & Global Affairs > International Politics
SWORD Depositor:
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