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The Glasgow Voice Memory Test: Assessing the ability to memorize and recognize unfamiliar voices

Aglieri, V., Watson, R., Pernet, C., Latinus, M., Garrido, L. ORCID: 0000-0002-1955-6506 and Belin, P. (2017). The Glasgow Voice Memory Test: Assessing the ability to memorize and recognize unfamiliar voices. Behavior Research Methods, 49(1), pp. 97-110. doi: 10.3758/s13428-015-0689-6

Abstract

One thousand one hundred and twenty subjects as well as a developmental phonagnosic subject (KH) along with age-matched controls performed the Glasgow Voice Memory Test, which assesses the ability to encode and immediately recognize, through an old/new judgment, both unfamiliar voices (delivered as vowels, making language requirements minimal) and bell sounds. The inclusion of non-vocal stimuli allows the detection of significant dissociations between the two categories (vocal vs. non-vocal stimuli). The distributions of accuracy and sensitivity scores (d’) reflected a wide range of individual differences in voice recognition performance in the population. As expected, KH showed a dissociation between the recognition of voices and bell sounds, her performance being significantly poorer than matched controls for voices but not for bells. By providing normative data of a large sample and by testing a developmental phonagnosic subject, we demonstrated that the Glasgow Voice Memory Test, available online and accessible from all over the world, can be a valid screening tool (~5 min) for a preliminary detection of potential cases of phonagnosia and of “super recognizers” for voices.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: This is a pre-print of an article published in Behavior Research Methods. The final authenticated version is available online at: https://doi.org/10.3758/s13428-015-0689-6
Publisher Keywords: Phonagnosia, Voice recognition, Individual differences, Developmental disorders
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Departments: School of Arts & Social Sciences > Psychology
URI: https://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/23454
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