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A compressive MUSIC spectral approach for identification of closely-spaced structural natural frequencies and post-earthquake damage detection

Gkoktsi, K. & Giaralis, A. ORCID: 0000-0002-2952-1171 (2020). A compressive MUSIC spectral approach for identification of closely-spaced structural natural frequencies and post-earthquake damage detection. Probabilistic Engineering Mechanics, 60, article number 103030. doi: 10.1016/j.probengmech.2020.103030


Motivated by practical needs to reduce data transmission payloads in wireless sensors for vibration-based monitoring of engineering structures, this paper proposes a novel approach for identifying resonant frequencies of white-noise excited structures using acceleration measurements acquired at rates significantly below the Nyquist rate. The approach adopts the deterministic co-prime sub-Nyquist sampling scheme, originally developed to facilitate telecommunication applications, to estimate the autocorrelation function of response acceleration time-histories of low-amplitude white-noise excited structures treated as realizations of a stationary stochastic process. Next, the standard multiple signal classification (MUSIC) spectral estimator is applied to the estimated autocorrelation function enabling the identification of structural natural frequencies with high resolution by simple peak picking in the frequency domain without posing any sparsity conditions to the signals. This is achieved by processing autocorrelation estimates without undertaking any (typically computationally expensive) signal reconstruction step in the time-domain, as required by various recently proposed in the literature sub-Nyquist compressive sensing-based approaches for structural health monitoring, while filtering out any broadband noise added during data acquisition. The accuracy and applicability of the proposed approach is first numerically assessed using computer-generated noise-corrupted acceleration time-history data obtained by a simulation-based framework examining white-noise excited structural systems with two closely-spaced modes of vibration carrying the same amount of energy, and a third isolated weakly excited vibrating mode. Further, damage detection potential of the developed method is numerically illustrated using a white-noise excited reinforced concrete 3-storey frame in a healthy and two damaged states caused by ground motions of increased intensity. The damage assessment relies on shifts in natural frequencies between the pre-earthquake and post-earthquake state. Overall, numerical results demonstrate that the considered approach can accurately identify structural resonances and detect structural damage associated with changes to natural frequencies as minor as 1% by sampling up to 78% below Nyquist rate for signal to noise ratio as low as 10dB. These results suggest that the adopted approach is robust and noise-immune while it can reduce data transmission requirements in acceleration wireless sensors for natural frequency identification and damage detection in engineering structures.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: ©2020. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license
Publisher Keywords: co-prime sampling, MUSIC pseudo-spectrum, compressive sensing, spectral estimation, system identification, closely-spaced modes
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Departments: School of Science & Technology > Engineering
SWORD Depositor:
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Text - Accepted Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.

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