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Psychotic Symptoms in Kenya - Prevalence, Risk Factors, and Relationship with Common Mental Disorders

Jenkins, R., Njenga, F., Okonji, M. , Kigamwa, P., Baraza, M., Ayuyo, J., Singleton, N., McManus, S. ORCID: 0000-0003-2711-0819 & Kiima, D. (2012). Psychotic Symptoms in Kenya - Prevalence, Risk Factors, and Relationship with Common Mental Disorders. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 9(5), pp. 1748-1756. doi: 10.3390/ijerph9051748


There have been few epidemiological surveys to establish prevalence and associated risk factors of psychosis in Sub-Saharan Africa. This paper reports a population- based epidemiological survey in rural Kenya of the prevalence of psychotic symptoms and their relationship with demographic, socio-economic and other risk factors. A random sample of 2% of all adults living in Maseno, Kisumu District of Nyanza province, Kenya (50,000 population) were studied, aiming for a sample size of 1,000 people. The psychosis screening questionnaire was used to assess the prevalence of psychotic symptoms in the preceding twelve months. The response rate was 87.6%. The prevalence of single psychotic symptoms in rural Kenya was 8% of the adult population, but only 0.6% had two symptoms and none had three or more psychotic symptoms in this sample size. Psychotic symptoms were evenly distributed across this relatively poor rural population and were significantly associated with presence of common mental disorders, and to a lesser extent with poor physical health and housing type. We conclude that single psychotic symptoms are relatively common in rural Kenya and rates are elevated in those with CMD, poor physical health and poor housing.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)
Publisher Keywords: epidemiology; Kenya; psychosis; development
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
D History General and Old World > DT Africa
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry
Departments: School of Health & Psychological Sciences
SWORD Depositor:
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