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Prevalence of psychosis in black ethnic minorities in Britain: analysis based on three national surveys

Qassem, T., Bebbington, P. E., Spiers, N., McManus, S. ORCID: 0000-0003-2711-0819, Jenkins, R. and Dein, S. (2014). Prevalence of psychosis in black ethnic minorities in Britain: analysis based on three national surveys. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 50(7), pp. 1057-1064. doi: 10.1007/s00127-014-0960-7

Abstract

Purpose
A considerable excess of psychosis in black ethnic minorities is apparent from clinical studies, in Britain, as in other developed economies with white majority populations. This excess is not so marked in population surveys. Equitable health service provision should be informed by the best estimates of the excess. We used national survey data to establish the difference in the prevalence of psychosis between black ethnic groups and the white majority in the British general population.

Methods
Analysis of the combined datasets (N = 26,091) from the British national mental health surveys of 1993, 2000 and 2007. Cases of psychosis were determined either by the use of the Schedules for Clinical Assessment in Neuropsychiatry (SCAN), or from a combination of screening items. We controlled for sex, age, social class, unemployment, design features and other putative confounders, using a Disease Risk Score.

Results
People from black ethnic minorities had an excess prevalence rate of psychosis compared with the white majority population. The OR, weighted for study design and response rate, was 2.72 (95 % CI 1.3–5.6, p = 0.002). This was marginally increased after controlling for potential confounders (OR = 2.90, 95 % CI 1.4–6.2, p = 0.006).

Conclusions
The excess of psychosis in black ethnic minority groups was similar to that in two previous British community surveys, and less than that based on clinical studies. Even so it confirms a considerable need for increased mental health service resources in areas with high proportions of black ethnic minority inhabitants.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: © The Author(s) 2014. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits any use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author(s) and the source are credited.
Publisher Keywords: Psychosis, Prevalence, National survey, Ethnicity, Mental health services
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
H Social Sciences > HM Sociology
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry
Departments: School of Health Sciences
Date Deposited: 03 Feb 2020 17:17
URI: https://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/23642
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