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Bifurcated banking: the political economy of inclusive finance in Pakistan

Jafri, J. (2019). Bifurcated banking: the political economy of inclusive finance in Pakistan. (Unpublished Doctoral thesis, City, University of London)


How inclusive is inclusive finance? In this thesis, I examine a phenomenon which I describe as ‘bifurcated banking’. Exploring the case of Pakistan, I observe that policies of inclusive finance generate a heterogeneous financial space. The institutionalisation of inclusive finance leads to the emergence of a bifurcated banking system. Such a system is defined by mainstream commercial banks based on a traditional bank intermediation model on the one hand, and inclusive finance based on a disintermediated, or shadow banking model, on the other. My study of the Pakistani financial system shows that a bifurcated banking system is not transitory, but a structural feature of a developing capitalist country, where key relationships between inclusive finance and access to finance are best understood through what I call, shadow financial citizenship. My thesis is organised as two parts. In the first part, I develop a conceptual lens to analyse bifurcated banking. In the second part, I use Pakistan as a case study of inclusive finance to examine the core themes and concepts identified above.

Publication Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HG Finance
Departments: Doctoral Theses
Doctoral Theses > School of Arts and Social Sciences Doctoral Theses
School of Policy & Global Affairs > International Politics
School of Policy & Global Affairs > School of Policy & Global Affairs Doctoral Theses
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