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[Maintenance of exclusive breastfeeding after three months postpartum: An experience in a health department of a Valencian Community].

Vila-Candel, R., Soriano-Vidal, F. J., Murillo-Llorente, M. , Pérez-Bermejo, M. & Castro-Sanchez, E. ORCID: 0000-0002-3351-9496 (2018). [Maintenance of exclusive breastfeeding after three months postpartum: An experience in a health department of a Valencian Community].. Atención Primaria, 51(2), pp. 91-98. doi: 10.1016/j.aprim.2017.09.002


AIMS: To investigate the prevalence of EBF at 3-months postpartum, and the early factors for discontinuation.

DESIGN: Observational, retrospective study.

LOCATION: Health department of La Ribera, Valencia, Spain.

PARTICIPANTS: Newborns between December 2012 to January 2017.

METHODS: Pregnant women were interviewed at postpartum and at 3 months regarding variables associated with breastfeeding initiation and continuation, matched with socio-demographic and obstetric-neonatal information.

MAIN MEASUREMENTS: Prevalence of breastfeeding at discharge and exclusive breastfeeding at 3 months. Reasons for interrupt exclusive breastfeeding. Chi-square determination between qualitative variables. FINDINGS: One thousand three hundred and thirty-eighth women were recruited. EBF at discharge was 68.2% (913) and at 3 months 46.7% (625). EBF duration was 68.7±32.7 days (95% CI: 66.9-71.2). We found statistically significant differences between the type of breastfeeding and the variables, year of study, country of origin and parity (P<0.001, P=0.005 and P=0.05 respectively). Hypogalactia (21.8%) and lower than recommended increase in newborn weight gain (14.9%) were most frequent factors for discontinuation.

CONCLUSION: The prevalence of EBF at 3 months is low compared to other similar studies, although we see an upward trend. Belief in hypogalactia influenced the maintenance of exclusive breastfeeding.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: Este es un art´ıculo Open Access bajo la licencia CC BY-NC-ND ( licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).
Publisher Keywords: Lactancia materna; Factores de riesgo; Destete precoz
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine
Departments: School of Health & Psychological Sciences > Nursing
Text - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.

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