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Experimental and modeling investigations of the phase behavior and densities of diesel plus nitrogen mixtures

Rowane, A. J., Gupta, A., Gavaises, M. ORCID: 0000-0003-0874-8534 and McHugh, M. A. (2020). Experimental and modeling investigations of the phase behavior and densities of diesel plus nitrogen mixtures. Fuel, 265, 117027.. doi: 10.1016/j.fuel.2020.117027

Abstract

It has been recently speculated that diesel injection into a supercritical air environment at high-pressure, high-temperature (HPHT) conditions results in the diesel + air mixture transitioning into a single supercritical fluid phase. To help resolve this issue we report HPHT isothermal bubble (BP) point data from ~300 to 530 K and pressures to ~160 MPa for three different types of diesel fuels in N2 that is considered a surrogate for air. One of the diesels (Highly Paraffinic, HPF) has a larger paraffinic content relative to the others, another (Highly Aromatic, HAR) has a larger aromatic content relative to the others, and the third is a Ultra-Low Sulfur Diesel (ULSD) that resembles an unfinished commercial diesel. In addition, isothermal, density data are also reported at pressures from the BP to ~165 MPa for mixtures with N2 content ranging from ~3 to 55 wt%. The T, p range of the experimental data are extended with model calculations using the PC-SAFT equation of state (EoS) with pseudo-component parameters for diesel. Both types of diesel + N2 mixture data provide a rational basis for determining values for kij, a binary mixture parameter needed for EoS calculations. Modeling results show that the temperatures predicted for diesel + N2, supercritical fluid behavior can vary significantly depending on the method used to characterize the EoS properties of the complex diesel mixtures. Nevertheless, the predicted critical-mixture curves provide useful insight for interpreting the results from supercritical diesel spray investigations.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2020. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Publisher Keywords: High temperature, High pressure, Diesel phase behavior, Density, Bubble points
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Departments: School of Mathematics, Computer Science & Engineering > Engineering > Mechanical Engineering & Aeronautics
Date Deposited: 05 Jun 2020 11:57
URI: https://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/24317
[img] Text (Main Article) - Accepted Version
This document is not freely accessible until 11 January 2022 due to copyright restrictions.
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.

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[img] Text (Supplemental Information) - Accepted Version
This document is not freely accessible until 11 January 2022 due to copyright restrictions.
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.

To request a copy, please use the button below.

Request a copy

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