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THIRD TRIMESTER ULTRASOUND SCAN COMBINED WITH A CLINICAL METHOD FOR ACCURATE BIRTHWEIGHT PREDICTION AT TERM: A COHORT STUDY IN SPAIN.

Vila-Candel, R., Soriano-Vidal, F. J. and Castro-Sanchez, E. ORCID: 0000-0002-3351-9496 (2019). THIRD TRIMESTER ULTRASOUND SCAN COMBINED WITH A CLINICAL METHOD FOR ACCURATE BIRTHWEIGHT PREDICTION AT TERM: A COHORT STUDY IN SPAIN.. Rev Colomb Obstet Ginecol, 70(1), pp. 27-38. doi: 10.18597/rcog.3201

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To develop and assess an equation based on maternal clinical parameters and third trimester ultrasound biometry (combined method), and compare it with ultrasound-estimated foetal weight (EFW) calculated using the Hadlock 2 formula.

METHODS: Cohort study. A total of 1,224 women with singleton pregnancies who had undergone foetal ultrasound scanning (USS) at 34 weeks were recruited. The study was conducted at a reference center in Valencia (Spain) between January and December 2016. A gestation-adjusted projection (GAP) method was applied to estimated foetal-weight-for-gestational-age by foetal gender at delivery (EFWa). A multivariate regression was created to estimate foetal weight at term (EFWmr) using anthropometric, demographic, ultrasonographic and obstetric-neonatal variables. EFWa and EFWmr were calculated and compared with actual birthweight.

RESULTS: The proportion for EFWmr within <10% of actual birthweight was greater than EFWa (82% vs. 65%, p<0.001). The mean relative error in foetal-weight predictions by using EFWmr was reduced from 6.7% to 0.9% (difference 5.7% 95% CI: 5.4 to 6.0) paired t-test p<0.001, significantly improving the accuracy attainable with USS. The EFWmr outperformed the GAP method in predicting birthweight, within 1% relative error. For new- borns <2,500 g, the proportion of estimates within <10% of the actual birthweight for the EFWmr was greater than that of the EFWa (20.4 vs. 16.3%, p=0.005). For babies with normal birthweight (2,500-3,999 g), EFWmr was a better predictor of birthweight than EFWa (84.5 vs. 65.7%, p<0.001).

CONCLUSIONS: Mathematical modelling to predict birthweight improves third trimester routine ultrasound measurement to estimate neonatal weight at term.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: Esta obra está bajo licencia internacional Creative Commons Reconocimiento-NoComercial-SinObrasDerivadas 4.0.
Publisher Keywords: Pregnancy; birth weight; multivariate analysis; statistics; ultrasonography; Adolescent; Adult; Anthropometry; Biometry; Birth Weight; Cohort Studies; Female; Fetal Weight; Gestational Age; Humans; Infant, Newborn; Male; Models, Theoretical; Pregnancy; Pregnancy Trimester, Third; Spain; Ultrasonography, Prenatal; Young Adult
Subjects: R Medicine
Departments: School of Health Sciences > Nursing
Date Deposited: 23 Jul 2020 14:22
URI: https://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/24452
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