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A systematic review of the psychological correlates of adjustment outcomes in adults with inflammatory bowel disease

Jordan, C., Sin, J. ORCID: 0000-0003-0590-7165, Fear, N. T. and Chalder, T. (2016). A systematic review of the psychological correlates of adjustment outcomes in adults with inflammatory bowel disease. Clinical Psychology Review, 47, pp. 28-40. doi: 10.1016/j.cpr.2016.06.001

Abstract

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a chronic long term condition which poses significant psychosocial adjustment challenges. The purpose of this review was to systematically identify psychological factors related to adjustment in adults with IBD with the aim of suggesting evidence based targets that may be modifiable though psychological intervention. Twenty five studies met inclusion criteria and were included in the systematic review and a narrative synthesis was conducted. A wide range of psychological variables were addressed covering six broad categories; personality traits, interpersonal traits, stress and coping, emotions and emotional control, IBD related cognitions and non IBD related cognitions. The most consistent relationship was found between certain emotion focused coping strategies and worse adjustment outcomes in IBD. Some evidence also hi-lighted a relationship between personality traits (such as neuroticism,) perceived stress, emotions and emotional control (such as alexithymia) and IBD related cognitions (such as illness perceptions) and negative adjustment outcomes. The results of this review suggest that interventions to improve adjustment in IBD may benefit from a focus on coping strategies, perceived stress and IBD related cognitions.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine
Departments: School of Health Sciences > Nursing
Date Deposited: 25 Sep 2020 15:47
URI: https://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/24534
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