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Links between Autistic Traits, Feelings of Gender Dysphoria, and Mentalising Ability: Replication and Extension of Previous Findings from the General Population

Kallitsounaki, A., Williams, D. and Lind, S. E. ORCID: 0000-0002-6165-9832 (2020). Links between Autistic Traits, Feelings of Gender Dysphoria, and Mentalising Ability: Replication and Extension of Previous Findings from the General Population. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders,

Abstract

Gender nonconformity is substantially elevated in the autistic population, but the reasons for this are currently unclear. In a recent study, Kallitsounaki and Williams (2020; authors 1 and 2 of the current paper) found significant relations between autistic traits and both gender dysphoric feelings and recalled cross-gender behaviour, and between mentalising ability and gender dysphoric feelings. The current study successfully replicated these findings (results were supplemented with Bayesian analyses), in sample of 126 adults. Furthermore, it extended the previous finding of the role of mentalising in the relation between autistic traits and gender dysphoric feelings, by showing that mentalising fully mediated this link. Results provide a potential partial explanation for the increased rate of gender nonconformity in the autistic population.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: This is a post-peer-review, pre-copyedit version of an article to be published in Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders. The final authenticated version will be available online at: http://link.springer.com/journal/10803
Publisher Keywords: autism; gender dysphoria; gender identity; theory of mind; mindreading; replication
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GF Human ecology. Anthropogeography
H Social Sciences > HM Sociology
R Medicine
Departments: School of Arts & Social Sciences > Psychology
Date Deposited: 20 Jul 2020 14:24
URI: https://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/24581
[img] Text - Accepted Version
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