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A patient-initiated DMARD self-monitoring service for people with rheumatoid or psoriatic arthritis: a cost-effectiveness analysis

McBain, H. B. ORCID: 0000-0002-6742-1104, Flood, C., Shipley, M., Olaleye, A., Moore, S. and Newman, S. P. ORCID: 0000-0001-6712-6079 (2020). A patient-initiated DMARD self-monitoring service for people with rheumatoid or psoriatic arthritis: a cost-effectiveness analysis. Rheumatology, keaa309. doi: 10.1093/rheumatology/keaa309

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To determine whether a patient-initiated DMARD self-monitoring service for people on MTX is a cost-effective model of care for patients with RA or PsA.

METHODS: An economic evaluation was undertaken alongside a randomized controlled trial involving 100 patients. Outcome measures were quality of life and ESR assessed at baseline and post-intervention. Costs were calculated for healthcare usage using a United Kingdom National Health Service economic perspective. Sensitivity analysis was performed to explore the impact of nurse-led telephone helplines. Uncertainty around the cost-effectiveness ratios was estimated by bootstrapping and analysing the cost-effectiveness planes.

RESULTS: Fifty-two patients received the intervention and 48 usual care. The difference in mean cost per case indicated that the intervention was £263 more expensive (P < 0.001; 95% CI: £149.14, £375.86) when the helpline costs were accounted for and £94 cheaper (P = 0.08; 95% CI: -£199.26, £10.41) when these costs were absorbed by the usual service. There were, however, statistically significant savings for the patient (P = 0.02; 95% CI: -£28.98, £3.00). When costs and effectiveness measures of ESR and quality of life measured, using the Short Form-12v1, were combined this did not show the patient-initiated service to be cost-effective at a statistically significant level.

CONCLUSION: This patient-initiated service led to reductions in primary and secondary healthcare services that translated into reduced costs, in comparison with usual care, but were not cost-effective. Further work is needed to establish how nurse-led telephone triage services are integrated into rheumatology services and the associated costs of setting up and delivering them.

TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov, http://clinicaltrials.gov, ISRCTN21613721.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: This is a pre-copyedited, author-produced version of an article accepted for publication in Rheumatology following peer review. The version of record Hayley McBain, Chris Flood, Michael Shipley, Abigail Olaleye, Samantha Moore, Stanton Newman, A patient-initiated DMARD self-monitoring service for people with rheumatoid or psoriatic arthritis: a cost-effectiveness analysis, Rheumatology, is available online at: https://doi.org/10.1093/rheumatology/keaa309
Publisher Keywords: rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, economic evaluation, health-services research
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine
Departments: School of Health Sciences > Healthcare Services Research & Management
Date Deposited: 11 Aug 2020 09:32
URI: https://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/24646
[img] Text - Accepted Version
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