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Effects of Infilled Wall Opening on Load Resisting Capacity of RC Frames to Mitigate Progressive Collapse Risk

Qian, K., Lan, D., Fu, F. ORCID: 0000-0002-9176-8159 and Li, B. (2020). Effects of Infilled Wall Opening on Load Resisting Capacity of RC Frames to Mitigate Progressive Collapse Risk. Engineering Structures, 223, 111196.. doi: 10.1016/j.engstruct.2020.111196

Abstract

To quantify the load redistribution capacity of infill walls in reinforced concrete (RC) frames to resist progressive collapse, a series of five 1/4 scaled RC frames with or without infill walls were tested. The two-bay and three-story RC frames were tested using a pushdown loading regime. It was found that the infill walls could increase the first peak load by 256 %. Even with an opening ratio of 31 %, the infill walls could still increase the first peak load by 88 %. This could be explained as the first peak load of infilled frames was attributed into equivalent struts of infill walls while the first peak load of bare frame mainly attributed in the flexural action of the beams. Beyond expectation, infill walls may not reduce the deformation capacity of the frames and secondary short struts of the infill walls could enhance the load resistance of the frame in large deformation stage. The opening ratio of 11 %, 16 %, and 31 % could decrease the first peak load of the infilled frames with solid walls by 13 %, 25 %, and 47 %, respectively. Moreover, the infilled walls with or without openings may change the position of rebar fracture of the beams. Thus, it was incorrect to simplify multi-story infilled frames into single-story substructures.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2020. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Publisher Keywords: Progressive collapse, Reinforced concrete, Infilled frame, Masonry infill wall, Openings
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Departments: School of Mathematics, Computer Science & Engineering > Engineering > Civil Engineering
Date Deposited: 12 Aug 2020 11:16
URI: https://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/24679
[img] Text - Accepted Version
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